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Through the White House spokeswoman, Biden expressed the intention to continue to pursue tough policies against China but seeks a balance with Beijing. However, the United States must act effectively and make bold decisions in the face of the Chinese Communist Party’s growing threat, analysts say.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken told reporters that the Biden Administration would continue with policies executed against China by the Trump Administration. Among the policies that Biden’s advisors have said will continue are: the denunciation of genocide and crimes against humanity against religious minorities in China committed by the Chinese Communist Party headed by Xi Jinping, the defense of Taiwan, and the strategy for a free and open Indo-Pacific region.
“What we’ve seen over the last few years is that China is becoming more authoritarian at home and more assertive abroad, and Beijing is now challenging our security, prosperity and values in significant ways that require a new approach from the United States, we want to approach this with strategic patience.”Jen Psaki, White House spokeswoman
Biden’s institutional revision
The Biden Administration has communicated that it is conducting an institutional review of the United States’ measures against China. Biden has been emphatic in promoting a multilateral policy to compete with the Asian giant.
Sanctions on mobile applications, Chinese government companies, tariffs, and restrictions on Chinese diplomats are the issues that Biden will have to weigh in the face of growing pressure from economic conglomerates interested in closer ties with Beijing.
While Donald Trump’s Administration has strengthened support for American allies in Asia, the Middle East, and some European countries, it has also closed the door on cooperation with communities such as the European Union.
However, it will not be an easy road. The media have announced that China and the European Union closed an unprecedented trade deal against then-President Trump’s recommendations. European leaders opted for economic growth hand in hand with China, abandoning the idea of protecting human rights and the threat posed by the Chinese Communist Party’s strengthening.
Such a trade agreement will prevent the European Union from making strong decisions against Beijing. At the end of January 2021, the Chinese Communist Party leader, Xi Jinping, threatened the world with a new cold war at the annual Davos conference. German businesspeople have gone so far as to deny the genocide in China to defend trade agreements with the CCP.
The Chinese Communist Party presses Biden on Taiwan
According to Reuters, the United States has signed treaties that oblige Washington to defend and provide military materiel, financial support, and diplomatic backing to some Asian countries to maintain the stability of the region and the American hegemony in defense of democratic values, in addition to the economic interest that Asia represents for the West.
Taiwan is one of the countries that the United States, during past administrations has committed to strengthening. The Trump Administration was the most concrete in its support for Taipei. From a call to President Tsai Ing-Wen, high-level diplomatic visits, and a historic arms sale, Trump sent a message to the world about Taiwan’s importance to the United States.
With the arrival of the Democrats, Beijing hopes that relations between the two countries will advance in favor of the Chinese Communist Party. Among the national interests that Xi Jinping has set as China’s goals is to recover all the territories that the CCP considers Chinese.
To this extent, Taiwan, along with Japan, Vietnam, the Philippines, the Tibet and Xinjiang regions, as well as Hong Kong and Macau have been the target of Chinese coercion.
During Biden’s first week in the White House, China has conducted military air exercises in the Taiwan Sea.
Historically, Democrats have been ambiguous in backing Taipei. Recently, former presidential candidate Hillary Clinton expressed her displeasure with Taiwan for “disrupting China relations.” On the other hand, the Obama Administration weakened the United States and allowed the CCP to advance economically and diplomatically.
However, Biden’s strategy seems to be more in line with Trump’s policies. In the face of China’s military actions against Taiwan, according to analysts, Biden showed his full support for the agreements reached with Taiwan, dismissing the one-China concept pushed by Beijing and highlighted the six-guarantee agreement, a policy that binds the United States to Taiwan’s military defense.
The Biden Administration has its hands full in further tightening U.S. ties with Taiwan. A strong trade agreement and a robust diplomatic defense will allow Taiwan to play a more active role in international politics and an endorsement of democratic values in Asia that strengthen American hegemony.
Transparent technological future
The U.S. has created the Clean Network, for transparency in the tech area, The Trump Administration drove dramatic changes in trade matters establishing quality, reliability and security standards for tech developers.
The strategy has the backing of many countries and companies interested in technological development framed by democratic values and transparent information.
Trump’s sanctions on Huawei and the giant Ant Group, among other Chinese players, represent a challenge for Biden. While the European Union has opted to hand over its technology to CCP companies, other nations such as the UK, Australia, the United States and Canada have put national security first.
Camilo Bello is a consultant focused on Asia Pacific studies and has experience in strategic management. He has studied law in Colombia and is currently pursuing studies in language and history at National Taiwan Normal University. He has collaborated with Students for Freedom in Hong Kong and Taiwan // Camilo es consultor enfocado en estudios de Asia Pacífico y experiencia en gestión estratégica. Cuenta con estudios en Derecho en Colombia y actualmente se encuentra realizando estudios en lenguaje e historia en National Taiwan Normal University. Colaborador de Estudiantes por la Libertad en Hong Kong y Taiwán