The United States continues to age, but at a faster pace in 2021, and it is also becoming more diverse, largely due to the Hispanic population, which continues to grow while the non-Hispanic white population declines, the Census Bureau reports Thursday.
The aging of the country had in 2021 the largest increase in a single year and reached 38.8 years, the federal agency detailed in a statement.
Thus, the national median age, which the Census explains is the point at which one half of the population is older and the other half is younger, increased 0.3 years in 2021, according to official estimates.
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The national increase in this median has been 3.4 years since 2000, the Census said.
According to Kristie Wilder, a demographer working for the Census Bureau’s Population Division, the median age is likely to continue to rise in the coming years.
She highlighted as factors the trend of declining birth rates and the aging of the populations of the baby-boomers (1946-1964) and X-generations (those born between 1965 and 1981.)
Most of the states in the country aged
In fact, the only one that decreased its median in 2021 compared to 2020 was Maine (44.7 years) and the decrease was only 0.1 points.
Wilder explained, on the other hand, that while Utah’s population remained the youngest in the United States, the state’s median age increased by 0.3 years, from 31.5 to 31.8.
Meanwhile, the District of Columbia had the second lowest median age, but had the largest increase: 0.5 years, from 34.4 to 34.9, Wilder added.
In the case of Puerto Rico, it increased from 43.8 to 44.2 years.
On the island, the most aged are the population of Hormigueros and Rincón, both with a median of 49.6 in 2021.
And at 40, Barranquitas was the youngest Puerto Rican municipality.
Growth of the Hispanic population
Meanwhile, the Hispanic population increased by 767,907 in 2021, 1.2% more than the previous year, while non-Hispanic whites not only did not increase but were 79,836 fewer people than in 2020, a decrease of 0.03%.
The total white population in the United States in 2021 stood at 260,183,037.
The states with the largest Hispanic populations in 2021 were California (15,754,605), Texas (11,857,401) and Florida (5,830,908), and those with the fastest Hispanic growth were Maine (5.4%) and Montana (5.4%).
Meanwhile, the only regions that experienced a decrease in their Hispanic population were the state of New York (-1.1%) and the District of Columbia (- 2.5%).
On the other hand, among the counties with the highest number of Hispanics are Los Angeles (4,824,989) Harris (Texas, 2,097,602) and Miami-Dade (Florida, 1,838,864).
Meanwhile, Riverside County (California) had the largest increase in Hispanic population, which increased by 34,289 (2.8%).